The Making of Albert Einstein

Allan Callahan

The parents of Albert Einstein were afraid they had produced a dull child. He did so poorly in all high school subjects except mathematics that one teacher even asked him to drop out, telling him, “You will never amount to anything, Einstein.” And when he first tried to enter the Federal Polytechnic College of Zurich, he failed the entrance examination and had to go back and do plenty of “cramming” before he was able to pass a second examination. He was then sixteen years old.

While Einstein is generally considered to be the “Father of Relativity,” some say that the true father was an Irishman named George Francis Fitzgerald, who was professor of natural and experimental philosophy at Dublin’s Trinity College. He taught it to his students in the 1880s and wrote his concepts down for publication in an American magazine called Science on May 2, 1889. This publication went out of business later. English friends of Fitzgerald gave further publicity to his theory and it was later reported in the British scientific weekly, Nature, in 1892.

The man who made the first decisive discovery of the 20th century, in relation to the development of quantum and atomic theories, was Max Planck, a German. In 1901, his quantum hypothesis of black-body radiation came out, which was the first appearance of the concept of quanta in modern physics. This (plus the work of Fitzgerald?) laid the groundwork for Einstein, who brought forward his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905. He was a clerk in the Federal Patent Office of Switzerland, and as a daily task had to evaluate incoming patent claims to see how they stacked up against similar claims, if there were any. He thus had the best possible exposure to fundamental ideas, and training in their development.

How much influence, if any, Fitzgerald had on Einstein I cannot say, but it is hard to imagine the latter doing what he did without the groundwork laid by Planck. Not that there is anything wrong with this, since using the work of another to build upon is commonly done. It should, though, be taken into consideration when considering the almost mystic aura that grew up around Einstein. The man certainly did not start out from scratch.

As aforementioned, his Special Theory of Relativity made its appearance in 1905, the key element in it being the explanation of the photoelectric effect by the light-quantum (photon) hypothesis. Important discoveries by other scientists came about between 1910 and 1913, such as those by Rutherford and Bohr on the planetary model of the atom, and the discovery of isotopes by Thomson.

In 1916, Einstein announced his General Theory of Relativity, and between this date and 1952, twenty-one other important milestones were reached in the field of physics. Some of these are the discovery of artificial radioactivity (Rutherford), the hypothesis of electron spin (Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck), the publication of the Uncertainty Relations (Heisenberg), the precise formulation of wave mechanics (de Broglie and Schrodinger), and the quantum theory of atomic nuclei (Gamow). Yet these men, and their works, are little known outside of scientific circles, while the name Einstein became almost a household word. Sommerfeld, Bohr, Debye, Schrodinger, Dirac, Bothe, Meitner, and more than a dozen others, also did work of great significance, but how many ordinary Joes have ever heard of them? Einstein’s name dominated the field, and the public got the impression that he was a giant and the others, pygmies.

How did this come about? Well, it began in the last months of 1918, with actions taken by the Ullstein Press in Berlin, Germany. The Ullstein brothers were press lords whose power and influence were far greater than anything enjoyed by Northcliffe in England or by Hearst in the United States. They launched a tremendous campaign to promote Einstein, by implying that he towered over all his contemporaries, and by hailing his Special Theory of Relativity as the outstanding scientific achievement of the 20th century. They gave no credit to Planck, nor to Lorentz and Minkowski, even though the latter two had actually completely prepared Einstein’s theory mathematically. But without Planck’s discovery of his now famous constant “h,” around 1900, most, if not all, the important later discoveries in physics would have never been made, because this infinitely small “yardstick” of Mother Nature provided the key to so much of what came later.

With the Ullstein Press in Berlin blazing the trail, influential Jews all over Germany began to promote their fellow Jew, Einstein, almost like a breakfast food. In the field of science, nothing has ever been seen like it. After the National Socialists came to power, Einstein knew that his close association with certain Reds and Fellow Travelers made him increasingly suspect, so he left Germany for the Jewish Promised Land – the United States. Here the deification campaign continued apace, with the “Chozzen Pipple” in this country determined to make Einstein the High Priest of Science. And, needless to say, they were successful.

Although he has been dead since 1955, his name is still extremely well known, and the Jews of the world will continue to maintain that, in the field of science, he is above the law; or, more correctly, that he is the law.

Since his fellow Jews, who have such power and influence in the world, have done such a promotional job on him, it is hard to say how Einstein would have fared had he not been a Jew. It is mere speculation, but my guess is that he would be ranked below Planck, and probably some of the other physicists too, although placing among the top fifteen or twenty men in his field, in this century.

Einstein’s Jewishness also colored his thinking somewhat, and allowed him to do and say things that would not be tolerated among those not of the “elect tribe.” For instance, he once wrote an article for Colliers Magazine entitled, “Why the Jew is Superior.” Imagine how the editors of Colliers would have reacted if Planck had sent them an article entitled, “Why the Aryan is Superior.” What do you think the chances would have been of them printing it?

My own opinion is that the chances they would have done so would be on a par with the chances of a blind man in a cave at midnight finding a black hat that isn’t there.

SOURCE: The Liberty Bell, July 1984

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